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Adams, John Stowell (1823-1893)

Vida

John Stowell Adams nació en 1823 y, presumiblemente, pasó gran parte de su vida en la Costa este de Estados Unidos, pues todas sus obras fueron publicadas en Nueva York y en Boston, la primera en 1847 y la última en 1865. Editor y escritor, publicó numerosas obras de variable naturaleza a lo largo de su vida, entre las que encontramos composiciones poéticas, narrativas y lexicográficas. Entre las primeras están títulos como The Language of flowers, poetically expressed being a complete Flora's album (Geo. A. Leavitt, Nueva York, 1847), un álbum descriptivo de la flora compuesto por rimas propias y de otros autores, The Floral Wreath (1851), The Seasons (1853), The Boston Temperance Glee Book (1851) y The Psalms of Life (1857). Aparte de los poemas contenidos en The Language of Flowers, Adams escribió otras composiciones líricas que fueron publicadas por Kahgegagahbowh, autor nativo americano canadiense conocido como George Copway (1818-1869), en su periódico Copway’s American Indian en julio y octubre de 1851. Por otro lado, John Stowell Adams escribió obras narrativas destinadas a la lectura tanto en el hogar, como en los viajes: Half-hour stories of choice reading for home and travel (G. W. Cottrell, Boston, 1854) que aparecería un año después reimpreso bajo el título de Town and country or life at home and abroad, without and within us. (J. Buffum, Boston, 1855). Asimismo, Adams publicó otras obras en las que reflexionaba sobre las creencias espirituales, como A rivulet from the ocean of truth, an authentic and interesting narrative of the advancement of a spirit from darkness to light. Proving, by an actual instance, the influence of man, on earth, over the departed (B. Marsh, Boston, 1854), A letter to the Chestnut St. Congregational church, Chelsea, Mass., in reply to its charge of having become a reproach to the cause of truth, in consequence of a change of religious belief (B. Marsh, Boston, 1854) y Answers to seventeen objections against spiritual intercourse and inquiries relating to the manifestations of the present time (Fowler and Wells, Nueva York, 1853). Adams falleció en 1893.

Adams es autor de dos obras lexicográficas centradas en el vocabulario de la música, 5000 musical terms; a complete dictionary of Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, French, German, Spanish, English […], y Adams' new musical dictionary of fifteen thousand technical words, phrases, abbreviations, initials, and signs […]. El diccionario de 5000 términos musicales (1851), con distintos pies editoriales, presenta el vocabulario empleado por músicos como Auber, Beethoven, Bertini, etc., en orden alfabético y en la lengua original, ya sea esta latín, griego, hebreo, italiano, francés, alemán, español o inglés. Al lado de cada lema aparece la inicial del idioma entre paréntesis, siendo el italiano el más frecuente seguido por el alemán, y la descripción del término se realiza siempre en inglés. John S. Adams publicó en 1865 el otro repertorio léxico, su última obra conocida, que se concibió como complemento y ampliación de su diccionario anterior. En esta última obra, no solo se añadieron diez mil términos más, sino que Adams incluyó el vocabulario de numerosas lenguas, ampliando las ocho que reflejó en su primer diccionario a unas cincuenta, entre las que se encuentran lenguas africanas, asiáticas, anglosajonas, caucásicas, centroeuropeas y escandinavas.

Obra

  • 5000 musical terms; a complete dictionary of Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, French, German, Spanish, English, and such other words, phrases, abbreviations, and signs as are to be found in the works of Auber, Beethoven, Bertini... and other eminent musical composers. The whole including the celebrated dictionaries of Busby, Czerny, Grassineau, and Hamilton. Arr., rev. and corr. To which is added a treatise on playing the organ or pianoforte by figures, etc., Oliver Ditson & Co. y C. H. Ditson & Co. [en unos ejemplares, y en otros: Oliver Ditson y Gould & Berry], Boston-Nueva York, 1851.
  • Adams' new musical dictionary of fifteen thousand technical words, phrases, abbreviations, initials, and signs, employed in musical and rhythmical art and science, in nearly fifty ancient and modern languages, S. T. Gordon & Son, Nueva York, 1865.

Bibliografía

  • Brown Ruoff, A. LaVonne y Donald B. Smith (eds.), Life, Letters and Speeches, George Copway, University of Nebraska Press, Nebraska, 2006, pág. 236.

Estela Calero Hernández

Last update of the Biblioteca Virtual de la Filología Española 03/02/2023

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